Italy has everything you could ask for – warm weather, great beaches, wonderful people, delicious food, laid-back lifestyle, history and culture. These reasons are why so many UK nationals are moving to Italy after Brexit. There are good career prospects, scope to start a business, and fine educational institutes to raise a family.
We have you covered if you plan a shift to Italy in 2022. There are two significant aspects of moving. The first is getting the visa and documentation sorted like the residence permit. The second is when you start living in Italy – insurance, healthcare, taxes, driving licence, retirement, schools, and more.
Let us look at both individually, so the move to Italy becomes uncomplicated. However, before you start with the paperwork, it is best to go through the list of documents you need, start collecting them, and save money for the shifting.
Which Visas are Required to Shift to Italy?
UK nationals can visit Italy for 90-days visa-free in 180 days. However, if you plan to study, work, or be reunited with family, you will need a residence permit or a permit to stay longer than 90 days.
- Student Visa: Students over 18 years enrolled in an Italian college, or university (educational institute) will require a Student Visa.
- Work Visa: Those who have a valid employment offer from a business or company in Italy can avail of the Work Visa to enter, live, and work in Italy. This is a popular visa category available to people from all nationalities, not only UK citizens.
- Family Visa: UK citizens with family members in Italy (EU permanent resident or citizen) can avail of this visa. Long-term partners are also considered in Family Visas. However, they will have to prove that they are in a long-term stable relationship.
- Self Employed Visa: This visa is open to people who want to start a business or company in Italy.
- National Visa or Elective Residency: The National Visa is meant for people who can financially support themselves (with proof) without working for the time they are in Italy. While this visa is commonly known as a retirement visa, it is not only for senior citizens.
- Golden Visa: The Golden Visa is also known as the Italian Investor Visa and is meant for those who make substantial monetary donations or investments in the country.
How long does it take for the Visa?
Visa processing times vary between 3 weeks to 3 months, depending on the type of visa and the documentation submitted for verification. It is best to apply for the Italian Visa at least 3 months before your intended travel date. The Visa will allow you to enter Italy. However, you should apply for a residency permit within 8 calendar days of landing in Italy.
Residency permits are valid depending on the long-stay visa. British citizens must submit an application form at any post office with a ‘Sportello Amico’ counter. Fill up the paperwork for ‘The Kit’ to get an appointment at the police station. Visit the police station with the documents (as stated in the application) for verification and checking.
Italian residency permits are usually granted within 4 – 6 weeks from the date of submission of the application. However, permanent residency permits can go as long as three months.
Living in Italy post Brexit
- Driving Licence: UK driving licences are valid in Italy for a year till British nationals get their residency permits.
- Taxes: In Italy, the taxes progressively range from 22% to 45%. In addition to this, there are also regional taxes (between 0.9% and 1.4%) and local taxes (between 0.1% and 1%). The Italian tax year is from the 1st of January to the 31st of December with the Modello Redditi model, which means the tax filing deadline is the 30th of November, and an advanced tax of 40% needs to be paid by June with the remainder in November.
- Healthcare: Italian residents have free healthcare in Italy. It is pretty efficient. If you are self-employed or employed, you are eligible to apply for the free state healthcare plan or iscrizione obbligatoria. However, if you are not paying towards social security, you can apply for healthcare through the iscrizione volontaria (with a fee).
Once your paperwork is sorted, it becomes easier to ensure that life in Italy is smooth. While getting everything ready, you should check other aspects like housing, suitable localities for families, schools (and curriculum), and more. Depending on your needs, you can opt to invest in a house, live on rent for the first year, or start making strategic investments in Italy to secure your visa.