What is Inheritance Tax and How It Works


Last Updated on November 25, 2022 by Tayyaba Khan

Inheritance tax is a type of income tax that’s imposed on the estate of an individual upon their death. Inheritance taxes, in the United Kingdom and many other countries, are typically based on an individual’s net worth.

What is Inheritance Tax?

As explained above, inheritance tax is a type of tax that is levied on the transfer of assets upon the death of an individual. Inheritance tax on gifts passed by our loved ones must be paid as required if one wants to enjoy its benefits.

It is calculated based on a percentage of the inheritance, or amount passed down to a recipient related to the deceased. In most cases, this percentage ranges from 20% to 40%, and it must be paid by the estate after the death.

The rate of this tax is determined by each country’s legislature, but most countries use a progressive base rate according to a formula that takes into account the individual’s net worth.

How Does Income Affect Inheritance Tax?

It is not always true that the individual who has the most money will be the one who passes their assets to their heirs. Taxation of inheritance can depend upon the amount of income, and whether or not a person is considered “wealthy.” With this in mind, some individuals make a point of passing assets off with minimal taxes to avoid paying high rates.

Who Pays Inheritance Tax?

Inheritance tax is also called estate tax and is a type of death tax because it only applies to assets that pass on to heirs at the time of death, including real estate, stocks, businesses, and other personal property.

The duty of inheritance tax is to fund and regulate the operation of public services such as infrastructure, education, health, and welfare. Inheritance tax is a progressive system with rates varying depending on the size of their estate.

Who Pays Inheritance Tax

In some places, both spouses have to pay taxes if they have contributed to the estate. Inheritance tax is often referred to as a death tax, but this is not completely accurate. The person who passes away may actually have lived and died in the United Kingdom without paying any inheritance taxes because the estate was below the exemption threshold. However, if the person’s estate is greater than $5.45 million dollars, then inheritance tax would apply.

How do you Avoid Inheritance Tax?

If you want to avoid Inheritance tax, you will likely need to draw up a will. You can also make sure that your descendants don’t inherit more than £325,000 in total. Another way to reduce the amount of tax owed is by including a protected trust in your will.


A tax on inherited property (or estate taxes) is a levy placed on the transfer of an individual’s estate. In some countries, inheritance tax rates are progressive and vary depending on the size of the estate. The first $5 million in assets received by an individual or a spouse is exempt from all inheritance taxes.

Inheritance taxes can be imposed in jurisdictions with governments funded by a broad range of sources such as income tax, property tax, sales, and value-added taxes, or natural resources extraction taxes. There are a number of circumstances when an individual may be exempt from inheritance tax liabilities.

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