What should you expect from anal fistula surgery?

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What should you expect from anal fistula surgery?

What is the best time to need surgery?

Anal fistula can be described as an inflammatory condition that affects the anus. it may affect the patient’s well-being. Fistulas can lead to intermittent bleeding, discharge or discomfort. They can also cause a person to feel sick, and can make one feel uncomfortable. Certain patients suffer from repeated abscesses or infections , and when antibiotics or drainage methods do not resolve issues, surgery might be recommended.

The above symptoms could affect daily life which is why patients require medical attention, often needing surgery. Mr. Gordon Neil Buchanan tells us the procedure an aspect of a fistulotomy, and what to expect during the healing process.

What are the main components of the fistulotomy procedure?

Fistulotomy can be performed with general anesthesia. Most times the fistula track will be evaluated prior to the procedure. If the fistula track appears to be straightforward in clinical examination, usually there is no need for additional tests. If the fistula appears to be complicated or required surgery prior to it or other procedures, further tests like the use of an MRI or an ultrasound may help aid in the surgical procedure.

The goal of a fistulotomy procedure is to open the fistula in order to make an open wound, which is then healed with time. In the case of simple situations, this can be accomplished by passing a probe along the fistula track , and then slowly, but completely open the track using electrocautery. This will ensure that there isn’t any major bleeding. If there are more extension tracks and tracks they must also be dealt with and slightly more incisions might be required.

Post fistulotomy

Post-operative wounds, which are not serious, generally require dressings that are simple for a short time. However, more complex fistulas might require more frequent dressing changes from an experienced nurse over a longer amount of time.

A majority of patients who have fistulas that are simple can leave in a day-case or after a night in the hospital. Patients with more complicated fistulas might be required to stay longer than one night at the hospital based on the necessity for dressings.

What should we expect from recovery?

Following Fistula treatment, fiber diet will aid in to improve bowel movements. It is also recommended to drink plenty of water and medications for pain or laxatives, as necessary. Dressings are to be applied when needed, preferably after baths and showers. The healing process generally takes some time.

The first few weeks could require a break from work in order in order to get used to the relief of pain and bowel function as well as to manage dressings. Over six to eight weeks of healing, the process proceeds more quickly. In some cases, fistulas require repeated surgery to ensure healing and drainage are in full. Based on the extent of the fistulotomy sufferers may notice that they experience a little less control when passing stool and gas.

How can I alter my lifestyle to minimize the possibility of fistulas of the anal lining?

A healthy diet that is high in fiber intake and avoiding straining are excellent precautions. Fistulas most often occur as a result of bad luck, however some can be linked with other illnesses, like IBD, which needs to be evaluated by the best Fistula Doctor in Kolkata.

Can anal fistulas recur?

Anal fistulas may recur in certain patients. It is usually based on the degree of complexity of the fistula, as well as the treatment. The simpler and less complex fistula more likely to recur, the lower the chance of recurrence occurs. Following the ‘laying open’ procedure, about 10 percent of patients might experience a recurrence. When the procedure is more complex there is a greater chance of recurrence. When choosing a treatment option it is crucial to be realistic and consider the advantages of a successful surgery against the potential risks of cutting the sphincters in the abdomen and the possible consequences on bowel continence.

Read More: Did you know about fecal impaction?

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