Role of Dental Elevators in Oral Procedures – Classification & Usage

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Last Updated on March 12, 2024 by admin

Tooth extractions are one of the most intricate procedures among dental surgeries. Hence, dental elevators are a reliable invention for dentists to loosen the tooth from the gums in an atraumatic manner. Plus, it is designed for impacting teeth, removing the fractured roots, or teeth that are susceptible to fracture or mal-positioning.

In fact, this tool prevents tooth fractures while performing surgeries. It can easily reach those spaces where other oral instruments cannot accommodate. Most importantly, it does not damage the surrounding areas of the tooth. At the beginning of an extraction procedure, the instrument is elected as per the tip size that matches the root’s diameter. It should be apprehended in the right hand and used properly to get accurate control. Once the tool is inserted into the gingival margin, it gradually moves downwards towards the PDL surface. The most used dental elevator types include the following:

Crane Pick Elevators

This instrument is made for elevating the broken roots of the tooth from the socket. As well, it has a 45 degrees sharp-angled tip to penetrate the roots. Also, there would not be any pressure on the adjacent teeth. Therefore, the tooth does not lose from the gums. The trauma can be prevented as well from the surrounding area of the tooth that is impacted. It comes in other patterns too. The thumb hold handle consists of high-grade material and ensures the success and effectiveness of the surgical procedures.

Apart from that, the working end of the instrument is quite sharp to assist in splitting the connective tissues or fibers from the roots. Besides, the tip is unbendable, and it will not break easily while impacting the tooth. It can easily dislodge the embedded roots and supports in picking up the pieces that are leftover afterward. It is one of the prevalently used variations of dental elevators.

Hylin Elevator

This elevator is suitable for luxating root and teeth particles during tooth removal surgical procedures. It consists of a robust shank, palm fit handle, and one working end. The material is quite durable, reusable, and sterilizable.

Coleman Elevator

This instrument is suitable for removing the teeth and roots from the PDL. It has a long vertical serrated tip along with a sturdy handle. Besides this, there are three variations available in this instrument. In addition, the thick handle of the instrument provides a firm grip to the holder.

Barry Elevator

This elevator is suitable for dental extraction surgeries. It consists of a T-shaped one working end and a long shank. Therefore, it is suitable to use on the periodontal ligament. There are some variations available in this instrument as well.

Hourigan Elevator

It is broadly used for loosening the teeth from the periodontal ligament in oral surgical procedures. Also, it comes with two significant patterns and T-shaped handles suitable for oral extractions. It is one of the most unique patterns among dental elevators.

Flohr Elevator

This instrument is suitable for luxating the left and right sides of the lower and upper jaws. It comes in multiple styles and sizes to accommodate the dentists. Besides, the instrument boasts a single-ended structure and premium material to last long. Moreover, it is unbendable and reusable after autoclaving.

Coupland Elevator

This instrument is suitable for splitting the multi-rooted teeth into oral extraction procedures. It is suitable for the 3rd molar teeth and lower molars. It comes in three sizes that include 2.5mm, 3.5mm, and 4mm. Besides this, Coupland is ideal for long-term usage due to its high tensile strength and resistance against corrosion.

Benefits Of Elevator Dental Tool

·                     The ergonomic design prevents hand fatigue of the user.

·                     It is highly durable and lasts for many years.

·                     It has tapered tips to get the most accurate cutting of PDL, and it makes the socket expansion feasible.

·                     This instrument makes stump removal easier.

·                     It will assist in tooth removal without harming the surrounding tissues.

·                     The instrument provides a non-slip grip for convenient handling and precision.

Key Uses Of Elevators

This instrument is suitable for removing the fractured roots present at the mid-length, apical third, or gingival line. Moreover, it is suitable to use when the roots are left in the alveolar bone from a prior tooth extraction procedure. Some professionals utilize them to split the teeth or remove a tooth that can be separated into two parts.

Ideally, they are used for loosening the tooth from the roots before utilizing the extraction forceps. Also, it can remove the roots, overlap, decayed, crowded teeth when they are prone to damage. In such cases, the dental elevators provide leverage to the tooth’s roots for dislodging it.

By following the right technique, you can prevent common complications that occur due to the usage of elevators. Not only this, it will prevent cuts and injuries to the surrounding tissues. Also, there would not be any displacement of the molars or roots.

To Sum Up

GerDentUSA provides top-tier dental surgery instruments such as elevators and makes your oral procedures highly successful. In addition, the elevators will be the perfect addition to your dental kit. Furthermore, the instruments are autoclavable and require minimal maintenance. Also, check out our other oral surgical tools that are available at budget-friendly prices and in the reliable quality of German stainless material.

Read more: Have a Weak Tooth? Here’s What You Can Do About It

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Emma Thompson is a certified health coach and a fitness enthusiast. She is dedicated to helping people improve their overall health and well-being by adopting healthy habits and making positive lifestyle changes. With over 7 years of experience in the field, Emma has written extensively on a wide range of health topics, including nutrition, fitness, stress management, and holistic health. Her mission is to empower and inspire others to take charge of their health and transform their lives. In her free time, Emma enjoys hiking, practicing yoga, and experimenting with healthy recipes in the kitchen.