Studying veterinary medicine is a great choice if you are interested in working in the field of animal welfare and research. Pet lovers are attracted by the possibilities of animal association in veterinary medicine whereas other students also take up science veterinary due to its career prospects and lucrative opportunities.
The veterinary medicine program consists of basic science and clinical rotations just like the Doctor of Medicine (MD) program. The basic science of veterinary medicine teaches you the theoretical aspects of veterinary science and prepares you for clinical rotations by laying the foundational knowledge you need to do before doing on-the-job work.
What are the subjects covered in the basic science veterinary program? Let’s take a look.
Semester one of the basic science curriculum introduces you to the basics of science veterinary. Topics covered in this semester include veterinary anatomy, histology, embryology, physiology, and immunology. Veterinary anatomy introduces the basic terminologies in veterinary medicine and incorporates laboratory observations to prepare for clinical rotations. Histology and embryology deal with the study of organ systems and body tissues in animals. Physiology studies the neurology of various animal parts and immunology, the immune response of various animals.
Semester two continues from what was taught in the first semester and dives into a deep study of veterinary anatomy, and physiology. Besides these veterinary parasitology, bacteriology, and mycology are also studied. Parasitology examines various parasites that affect animals and their treatments. Bacteriology and mycology introduce you to the study of fungal and bacterial pathogens and includes laboratory sessions.
This semester introduces you to veterinary pharmacology which is about the prescription of drugs and anesthetics, veterinary pathology which studies general diseases and their treatments in animals, veterinary virology which teaches the identification, treatment, and characteristics of viruses, and veterinary epidemiology that tries to understand the occurrence of diseases in domestic animals. Animal welfare and behavior issues will also be discussed along with the introduction to clinical skills.
Semester four deals with advanced studies on pathology and pharmacology. Clinical pathology is introduced to the students where they learn to diagnose various diseases based on clinical samples provided. Veterinary communication and ethics are also taught to prepare them to make ethical decisions in certain situations.
This semester deals primarily with the various aspects of animal surgery such as anesthesiology and imaging. Anesthesiology teaches you about administering various types of anesthesia to animals, surgical lessons focus on techniques and instruments, and imaging prepares you for diagnosing diseases through radiology techniques. Along with surgical lessons, theriogenology is taught to inform about the reproductive functions of animals.
The most important semester so far, this semester introduces you to specific courses such as small animal medicine, exotic companion animal medicine, and food animal medicine where the diagnosis and treatment of animals belonging to different categories are studied. You can also choose electives on similar topics like aquatic animal medicine or zoo/wildlife medicine.
Semester 7 is all about a detailed study of surgery in different types of animals and the development of professional skills.
The basic science curriculum equips you to meet the challenges of clinical rotation with confidence and the essential skills you will need to thrive as an effective veterinarian on-the-job.