In a world run by online data, cyber threats are becoming more and more common. From individuals to corporations and small businesses, everyone who has access to the internet is at risk of cyberattacks and online data breaches. With the rise of hacking tools, dark web groups, and deadly computer viruses, cyber security is more important than ever. However, aside from making cybersecurity strategies a priority, one of the best ways to prepare for a cyber attack is understanding the most common threats.
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One of the most common cyberattacks is malware attacks. Malware is known as malicious software or spyware that is installed on your system without your consent. This usually occurs from a user unknowingly clicking on a dangerous link or email. Once the malware is installed, it can severely damage your system, gather information, and block access to vital components of your network.
Phishing and malware attacks go hand in hand. Phishing is known as an attack where cybercriminals send malicious emails disguised as reputable sources. Users are deceived into opening these malicious links, which install specific malware designed to steal information such as credit card numbers and passwords. In the same sense, spear phishing is a more complex phishing attack where hackers target CEOs and high-ranking executives.
Another common cyberattack is called a man-in-the-middle attack. Man-in-the-middle attacks occurs when a cybercriminal puts themselves between a client and a server in order to steal sensitive data and information. For example, a hacker can hijack an online session where a user believes they are talking to a trusted client and ends up giving the attacker private information.
Denial of Service attacks, also known as Dos attacks, are targetted attacks designed to disrupt the web traffic of a business or organization. Attackers use specific tactics to overwhelm online systems so they can’t respond to service requests.
DDoS attacks stand for distributed denial of service attacks and are a more complex version of a DoS attack. Instead of coming from one source, a hacker uses multiple sources to launch an attack. For example, for a typical DDoS attack, a hacker could disrupt a bank’s website and block their client’s ability to bank online.
One of the easiest ways for cybercriminals to steal finances and sensitive information is through password attacks. Cybercriminals can gain access to your passwords by guessing, using malware to capture keynotes, or finding old papers with login information. If a hacker gets their hands on your passwords they can steal your identity, empty your bank account, or make purchases with your credit and debit card numbers. Hackers can also sell your passwords and information on the dark web and post them on secret databases.
One of the most nefarious cyberthreats is commonly known as ransom attacks. Ransom attacks occur when a hacker or cybercriminal uses specific malware to lock and encrypt a user’s data. This could be anything from private information to bank information and more. Once they have the information they want, attackers will threaten to block access or publish a victim’s data unless a ransom is paid.
An SQL or a structured query language injection attack is a cyberthreat that occurs when a hacker disrupts a database-driven website. The hacker injects malicious code into a website which makes the server reveal sensitive data and information. The attacker is then able to view, edit, and delete viable information.
While understanding the different types of cyberattacks is crucial to preventing cyber threats to your system, it is essential to invest in effective cybersecurity strategies to ensure your online safety.