The process by which a woman gives birth to another person’s child is called surrogacy. A woman who agrees to give birth to a child for another couple is referred to as a surrogate. The surrogate woman will perform labor and delivery for another couple who will become the future parent of the child.
A woman or man can arrange surrogacy if pregnancy is medically impossible or when pregnancy risks are too high for the mother, or if they wish to have a child.
Process Of Surrogacy
In the process of surrogacy, an embryo is created by taking an egg from the intended mother and taking sperm from the intended father, and then these eggs and sperm are inserted into the uterus of a woman called a surrogate. Surrogate women have no genetic relationship with the baby. Usually, the surrogacy process takes an average of 15 to 18 months. However, it can take more or less time. This technique is also called “In Vitro Fertilization” (IVF).
Types of surrogacy
There are various types of surrogacy. Some of them are undermentioned:
Non-Commercial Surrogacy/Commercial Surrogacy
In Non-Commercial Surrogacy, surrogate women do not receive any payment from the intended parent. This type of surrogacy occurs mostly in Australia. While in Commercial Surrogacy, surrogate women receive payment for carrying the child of the intended parent. Commercial surrogacy is not allowed in Australia.
Traditional surrogacy is also called partial, straight, or natural surrogacy. In traditional surrogacy, surrogate females provide their eggs and undergo artificial insemination with the intended father’s sperm. The surrogate mother will then proceed with the pregnancy until the child is born, handing it over to the recipients so that they can raise it on their own.
In traditional surrogacy, a couple does not need to find or choose a surrogate, as surrogate females provide their eggs throughout the process. Traditional surrogacy uses a method called Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) to conceive a surrogate mother with the sperm of a male partner.
Gestational Surrogacy (Host or Full Surrogacy)
Gestational surrogacy involves using the intended mother or donor’s eggs to carry the baby.So, the baby does not share any genetic characteristics with the surrogate mother.
The Average Cost Of Surrogacy
The average cost of different types of surrogacy depends on various factors. These factors may involve;
- Medical expenses for a surrogate.
- Payments associated with surrogate companies and legal payments.
- Surrogate compensation.
- Monthly stipend for surrogate mother.
- Possible screening (background check, physical screening, medical screening).
- Advisory support for surrogate.
- Insurance policy for baby.
- Travel arrangements for surrogate mother.
Different states have different rules and regulations. There are different costs for surrogacy in different states. Surrogacy can be expensive in some states. Surrogacy in California cost not too high, enabling all types of parents to seek surrogacy without legal obstacles.
How Successful Is Surrogacy?
The success rate for surrogacy depends on;
- The ability of surrogate women to conceive eggs.
- The age of the surrogate woman or the intended mother whose eggs are being used.
- Treatment success is either IUI or IVF.
- Sperm quality of father or donor.
“In vitro fertilization” with donor eggs has a success rate of 52%, according to the CDC. The success rate with surrogates is still high. The success rate of surrogacy in fertility centers in the United States is about 75% and this number can increase to 95% for births once pregnant.
How Much Do Surrogate Mothers Get Paid?
At the California Surrogacy Centers, the average surrogate pay California is between 40,000-50,000 dollars. This is for first-time surrogate mothers, as re-surrogate mothers typically get paid between 53,000-83,000 dollars. Payments to surrogate mothers throughout the surrogacy process are usually made after the doctor has confirmed the pregnancy.
Why Do People Choose Surrogacy?
Surrogacy is considered a helpful opportunity for couples who can’t conceive traditionally. These may include homosexual couples, single people, or those who see age as a hurdle to natural pregnancy, can use surrogacy method to complete their family.
Can A Baby Look Like A Surrogate Mother?
The baby will look like a surrogate mother in case of traditional surrogacy in which the surrogate women gave the baby an egg in addition to carrying the baby. However, if the surrogacy is gestational surrogacy (meaning another woman’s egg was used to make an embryo), the baby will not look like a surrogate mother.
How Does Surrogacy Benefit The Intended Parents?
Surrogacy benefits parents because they can build a biological relationship with their child. Various other benefits include;
- It creates relationships.
- Surrogacy is a rewarding gift for both parents.
- Surrogates are legally protected.
- Surrogates are well paid by intended parents.
Surrogacy is a type of pregnancy. Women who practice surrogacy give birth to babies for people who cannot have children of their own.In a surrogate pregnancy, the eggs of the woman carrying the baby or the eggs of the egg donor are fertilized to make embryos from the sperm of a sperm donor.